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Cursus: GEO2-1205
Mineralen en magma's
Cursus informatie
Studiepunten (ECTS)7,5
Categorie / Niveau2 (Bachelor Verdiepend)
CursustypeCursorisch onderwijs
Aangeboden doorFaculteit Geowetenschappen; Undergraduate School Geowetenschappen; B Aardwetenschappen;
Contactpersoondr. H.E. King
Contactpersoon van de cursus
dr. H.E. King
Overige cursussen docent
dr. L.M. Kriegsman
Overige cursussen docent
3  (08-02-2021 t/m 23-04-2021)
TimeslotC: MA-middag/namiddag,DI-middag, DO-ochtend
OpmerkingDeze cursus is al aangeboden in P4 van collegejaar 19/20 en wordt NIET aangeboden in collegejaar 20/21
Cursusinschrijving geopendvanaf 02-11-2020 08:00 t/m 29-11-2020 23:59
Inschrijven via OSIRISNee
Inschrijven voor bijvakkersNee
Please note: the information in the course manual is binding.

This course is not offered in academic year 2020/2021
The course teaches an introduction to the basic principles, and physical-chemical processes involved in mineralogy, crystallography and igneous petrology (described in more detail in the content section below). These represent key basic disciplines in geology that are necessary for a broader earth science education.

Skills that will be taught include the identification of minerals and igneous rocks in both hand specimen and using the petrographic microscope. You will learn how to link mineral properties to crystal structure, and investigate
melting and crystallization processes using phase relationships and geochemical data. 
This course provides an introduction to the basic principles of mineralogy, crystallography and igneous petrology. You will learn about the physical and chemical properties of minerals and magmas. Mineralogy involves the study of the physical chemistry of solids, structures at the atomic scale, geometrical relationships and symmetry. Key skills that you will learn include how to identify minerals, how to link mineral properties to structure, and how to investigate them by light microscopy.  Mineralogy is a fundamental basic part of the earth sciences: a geologist needs to be able to identify a rock from its constituent minerals; a geophysicist must be able to quantify how minerals propagate seismic waves and a geochemist should be able to estimate how minerals can modify the composition of fluids or melts. Theoretical chemical and physical background is important because it will provide you with tools that you can use in studies of rocks and rock-forming processes. The most important concept that we will present you with is that the physical properties of minerals are directly related to their crystal structure.

In the Magmas part of the course we will investigate the formation of crystalline igneous rocks from magmas initially generated in the mantle or crust. You will learn about melting processes using phase relationships and chemical data. After the course you will be able to recognize a range of igneous rocks and interpret their chemical and mineralogical composition. An important concept in igneous petrology is that magmas can evolve from one composition to another through processes including crystal fractionation, mixing and assimilation. You will study the field of volcanology and investigate the main controls on eruption styles and production rates. 

The Minerals part of the course will address:
  1. How minerals are built up: Crystallography and crystal structure
  2. How to investigate minerals: X-ray diffraction and Optical microscopy
  3. How to classify the most important minerals: Silicate mineralogy
  4. How to identify common rock-forming minerals in hand specimen.
Magmas will cover:
  1. Intrusive and extrusive processes
  2. Classification of magmatic rocks
  3. Magma evolution: melting and crystallization
  4. Introduction to phase diagrams
  5. Melting in relation to tectonic setting.
This course is an entry requirement for: GEO3-1306 - Chemische geodynamica.

The course will help to improve written communication skills through the production of the self-study report. Problem-solving skills will be developed during the practical classes along with Analytical/quantitative and technical skills

Je moet voldoen aan de volgende eisen
  • Ingeschreven voor een opleiding van de faculteit Faculteit Geowetenschappen
  • Alle onderstaande cursussen zijn behaald
    • AW-Systeem aarde, deel 1 (GEO1-1101)
We assume a knowledge of basic geological terminology and concepts equivalent to that provided in the course GEO1-1101 Systeem Aarde (deel 1).
Voorkennis kan worden opgedaan met
Following the course mentioned above or gaining equivalent knowledge through another educational establishment or through self-study (the latter to be assessed by the course lectures and co-ordinator).
Bronnen van zelfstudie
To be agreed in discussion with the course lecturers.
Verplicht materiaal
Aanbevolen materiaal
Klein and Philpotts: "Earth Materials", Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 9780521145213, editie 2012
Self study mineral set.

Voorbereiding bijeenkomsten
Reading supporting material in the textbook and provided by the course lecturers through the course website.


Practical classes involve written exercises and calculations as well as exercises based around molecular models of crystal structures and the operation and use of the petrographic microscope.


Minimum cijfer5,5

The ‘Minerals’ and ‘Magmas’ parts of the course are assessed separately in two different exams, half way through, and at the end of the course respectively. independently of the result obtained for the other half. The Minerals part accounts for 50% of the total course grade and is calculated as follows: Exam (60%), Coursework (40%). Magmas accounts for tthe other 50% and is divided up as follows: Exam (75%), Coursework (25%).

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