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Cursus: GEO2-1202
Fysische chemie
Cursus informatie
Studiepunten (ECTS)7,5
Categorie / Niveau2 (Bachelor Verdiepend)
CursustypeCursorisch onderwijs
Aangeboden doorFaculteit Geowetenschappen; Undergraduate School Geowetenschappen; B Aardwetenschappen;
Contactpersoondr. T. Behrends
Telefoon+31 30 2535008
Contactpersoon van de cursus
dr. T. Behrends
Overige cursussen docent
dr. L. Polerecky
Overige cursussen docent
1  (31-08-2020 t/m 06-11-2020)
TimeslotD: WO-middag, WO-namiddag, Vrijdag
Cursusinschrijving geopendvanaf 02-06-2020 08:00 t/m 28-06-2020 23:59
Inschrijven via OSIRISJa
Inschrijven voor bijvakkersJa
Na-inschrijving geopendvanaf 17-08-2020 08:00 t/m 18-08-2020 23:59
Please note: the information in the course manual is binding.
This course will introduce you to the basic concepts, principles and methods of physical chemistry that are used to characterize the properties of earth materials and to study equilibrium states and the direction of chemical and morphological transformations in earth systems.

By the end of the first part of the course you will understand the basic concepts of the classical macroscopic approach to equilibrium thermodynamics. You will be able to apply the related equations to calculate changes in state variables characterizing the systems upon (i) exchange of heat and work between the system and its surrounding, (ii) chemical reactions and (iii) mixing of constituents. Based on these you will be able to evaluate whether a system is in equilibrium, whether a process is reversible or irreversible and whether it can or cannot occur spontaneously. Also you will be able to apply the concepts to describe, understand, and predict phenomena in earth systems including: air movement in the atmosphere, formation of solid solutions, and mineral transformations during metamorphism. 

In the second part of the course you will become familiar with the concepts of the microscopic approach to equilibrium thermodynamics, including basics of quantum and statistical mechanics. You will understand how and why material's internal energy, entropy and heat capacity depend on temperature, and will be able to calculate their values for a range of materials, including gases and simple solids, using only the microscopic properties of their atomic or molecular constituents.
The course is organized in two parts. In the first part, the basic concepts of the classical macroscopic approach to equilibrium thermodynamics will be introduced. In the second part, a microscopic approach will be presented in order to understand the properties of materials and systems based on the knowledge of individual atoms and molecules and their interaction. Following topics will be discussed:
  • Macroscopic approach
    • Heat versus work
    • The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics
    • Thermochemistry, Carnot Cycle, Entropy
    • Gibbs and Helmholtz Energies
    • Non-Electrolyte and Electrolyte Solutions
    • Chemical Equilibrium
  • Microscopic approach
    • Atomic structure of materials
    • Basics of quantum mechanics: structure of available energy levels
    • Basics of statistical mechanics: micro- versus macro-states, equipartition theorem, Boltzmann's definition of entropy
    • Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distribution
    • Heat capacity of gases and solids
Development of Transferable Skills
  • Ability to work in the team: Conceptual questions are discussed in groups and answers have to prepared in the form of Wikis as a group effort.
  • Problem solving: students learn how problems in Earth Sciences can be approached and solved using principles from thermodynamics.
  • Verbal communication skills: students have to learn to explain thermodynamic principles, which is practiced in group discussion and assessed in oral examinations.
  • Analytical / quantitative skills: Students learn to carefully solve quantitative, thermodynamic problems.  
• Basic knowledge in mathematical calculus
• Basic concepts in chemistry and physics
Verplicht materiaal
R. Chang (2000) Physical Chemistry for the Chemical and Biological Sciences (3rd ed.). University Science Books, Sausalito, CA. ISBN 1-891389-06-8
L. Polerecky (2014), Introduction to statistical mechanics. Reading material for the course Fysische Chemie GEO2–1202. Available for download via Blackboard.
Additional reading material, which includes Earth Science applications, is available via Blackboard. Links posted during the course.
Aanbevolen materiaal
You might also consider following the open courseware lectures offered by MIT or Yale university (links on Blackboard).


Minimum cijfer-

The final grade is calculated from the result of the digital assignments (30%) and the grades of the two oral examinations (2 x 35%).

Conditions for passing the course are:
at least 5.5 for the final grade and
at least 5.5 for the second oral examination.

See also course guide.

Aspecten van academische vorming
Academisch denken, werken en handelen
Intellectuele vaardigheden
Gebruiken van informatie- en communicatietechnologie ('computer literacy')
Planmatig werken
Organisatorische vaardigheden
Numerieke vaardigheden
Beheersen van methoden en technieken

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