Knowledge about the origins and development of civil rights and human rights in the United States and Europe after 1945|
ability to assess the role of human rights in transatlantic international relations
ability of evaluate current debates about transatlantic relations in the historical context of the post-war international liberal order
This course explores the international community of shared values that the United States and Europe created after the Second World War. Starting from the Atlantic Charter of 1941, the transatlantic partners supported a global world order that was based on a framework of multilateral cooperation and shared principles. Postwar cooperation was institutionalized in the economic system of Bretton Woods and free trade agreements, the intergovernmental framework of the United Nations, and the idea of collective security. Most crucially that international liberal order was based on a framework of multilateral cooperation, and the principles of human rights, the rule of law, and democratic pluralism. This course will focus on the origins of these principles (e.g. in the American struggle for political and civil rights), their practical implementation (e.g. in the UN Charter and the Genocide Convention), and their changing significance in the geopolitical transformations of the post-Cold War, post-9/11 world, and post-Trump world.