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Cursus: GE2V17013
European Imperialism and the Middle East (1798-1945): Power, Polics, and Oil
Cursus informatie
Studiepunten (EC)7,5
The course will enable the students (1) to acquire a wider knowledge of the entangled histories of Europe and the Middle East between 1798 and 1945, (2) to have a deeper awareness of why the Middle East is one of the most conflict prone regions in the world today, (3) to be introduced to why and how Middle Eastern oil industry has come to be controlled by Western big capital in the early twentieth century, (4) to be able to explain why and how World War I was fought in the Middle East, (5) to be able to demonstrate knowledge of the rise of local (ultra-)nationalist movements that led to massacres, genocide and the birth of modern nation states, (6) to examine the history of mandates in the Middle East, (7) to be introduced to how World War II affected the Middle East and how Middle Eastern oil affected the course of World War II.
This module concerns the role European empires played in the making of the modern Middle East. It looks at the political and economic encounters and relations between Europe and the Middle East from the invasion of Egypt by Napoleon in 1798 through until the end of World War II. We will discuss the increasing political and economic encroachments of the European powers in the Middle East, Ottoman political responses to these changes, and how these transformed domestic political structures that resulted in the fall of the Ottoman Empire and the emergence of the mandates system. The module will also cover the history of the Middle East in the interwar period, with particular reference to the questions of oil politics and the rise of indigenous nationalisms.
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